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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 177-192

Documentation of ethnomedicine used for livestock health care in Kalaburagi district, Karnataka

Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Botany, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Manjula A Rathod
Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Botany, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi 585106, Karnataka.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdras.jdras_68_21

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AIM: This work was designed to undertake documentation and explore ethnomedicine for the treatment of livestock’s health care in Kalaburagi through an ethnobotanical survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The documentation of ethnomedicine was recorded through ethnobotanical survey by conducting field trips from April 2015 to March 2018 in different Thanda and villages of Kalaburagi district, Karnataka. During the survey traditional practitioners, elderly people, livestock owners, formers, and headman of different Thanda and villages were interviewed for the responses regarding ethnomedicine practices. RESULTS: A total 71 of flowering plants from 41 families and 68 genera were involved in the treatment of common livestock’ ailments such as maggot wounds, cuts and wounds, microbial infections, inflammation, bone fracture, gout, joints pain, arthritis, skin diseases, itching, kidney disorders, acidity, cough and cold, throat infection, indigestion, dysentery, bloat, lack of appetite, stomach problems, intestinal worms, foot and mouth disease, weakness and animal bites. The leaves were mostly used in treatment followed by fruits, seeds, root, stem, bark, rhizome, flower, bulb, latex, and whole plant, respectively. The oral administration of juice, decoction, raw, and powder was either given singly or mixed with water, milk, curd, oil, ghee, and honey, whereas pastes of some plant parts were locally applied. CONCLUSION: The ethnobotanical survey showed considerable diversity of ethnomedicine used for livestock health care. It was important to explore sustainable use of natural resources for human as well as animal health care, as they are abundantly available in nature in the form of medicinal plants. Obtained data were compared with available literature of different regions of Karnataka and it was observed that many of these uses were not recorded earlier. This study will be helpful to explore more therapeutic uses of plants for livestock’s and may provide a lead in the novel herbal remedies.

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