Journal of Drug Research in Ayurvedic Sciences

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Documentation of Ethno-medicobotanical Practices from Mohan and Jaurasi Region of Almora, Uttarakhand, India

Amit K Rai, Mohan S Rawat, Deepshikha Arya, Sanjiv Kumar, Chinmay Rath, Anupam K Mangal

Keywords : Ethno-medicobotany, Folklore practices, Local health tradition practices, Medicinal plants, Uttarakhand

Citation Information : Rai AK, Rawat MS, Arya D, Kumar S, Rath C, Mangal AK. Documentation of Ethno-medicobotanical Practices from Mohan and Jaurasi Region of Almora, Uttarakhand, India. J Drug Res Ayurvedic Sci 2020; 5 (4):215-221.

DOI: 10.5005/jdras-10059-0105

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 22-01-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Traditional medicine plays a significant role in healthcare needs of a large segment of population of developing nations of the world. Local traditional healthcare practices using medicinal plants are predominant in the Uttarakhand state of northern India. A large number of traditional vaidya/folk healers are available in Uttarakhand providing healthcare services to significantly large population of the state with great success in far-flung areas by using medicinal plant species available in their vicinity. Aim: To document the local health tradition (LHT)/folklore claims practiced by traditional vaidya/folk healers for the treatment of diseases of the local population for further scientific validation, which will be helpful in developing new treatment modalities for the prevalent diseases of the society. Materials and methods: Ethno-medicobotanical surveys were conducted in Mohan and Jaurasi regions of Almora, Uttarakhand, India, and its adjoining areas in the month of January and February, 2019. The survey team met the traditional folk healers and interviewed them for documentation of folklore claims practiced by them. Results: A total of 17 LHT claims were collected from the traditional healers during these field surveys. The claims were documented in a prescribed format and validated from available published literature for ayurveda and medicinal plants. Gastrointestinal diseases (such as constipation and pain abdomen), jaundice, skin diseases, burns, and cut wound were the common ailments for which most of the claims were documented. Fresh leaves of the medicinal plants were used in most of the collected folklore claims. Kalka (paste), Choorna (powder), and Kwatha (decoction) were the common preparations of plant species used in majority of folk claims. Three medicinal plant species was involved in more than one folk claim. The description of 11 medicinal plant species used in these claims has been available in ayurvedic classical texts. During the validation of collected folk claims from these texts, therapeutic use of eight medicinal plant species was found to be similar to the description available in published literature, whereas references of two species were available with different therapeutic indication. Conclusion: Traditional medicine is still prevalent in the healthcare practices sought by the residents of the remote and hilly areas like Uttarakhand. However, these practices are in a declining phase due to nontransfer of this valuable knowledge to the next generation. In this regard, there is a great urgency for documentation and validation of these practices for preventing them from getting vanished from public domain. Alongside, it will act as a great boon in the search of new management strategies for the diseases prevalent in the current era.


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