Journal of Drug Research in Ayurvedic Sciences

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2018 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Effect of Gibberellic Acid Treatment on Seed Germination of Kantakari (Solanum virginianum L.)

Rekha B Nirawane

Keywords : Germination count, Gibberellic acid, Kantakari, Vigor index,Germination

Citation Information : Nirawane RB. Effect of Gibberellic Acid Treatment on Seed Germination of Kantakari (Solanum virginianum L.). J Drug Res Ayurvedic Sci 2018; 3 (4):195-205.

DOI: 10.5005/jdras-10059-0057

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-12-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Aim: Solanum virginianum L., an important medicinal plant used in Dashmoolarishtha, belongs to the Laghoopanchamoola group. It is also used in various Ayurvedic formulations. It is reported as rare and endangered species in some parts of India. To fulfil the raw drug demand of the market, it is necessary to increase its production on a large scale. Materials and methods: Mature plants were collected, identified, authenticated and herbarium specimens preserved in herbarium section of the institute. Mature seeds were subjected to various treatments like hot water, sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and different concentrations of gibberellic acid (GA3). Result: Data obtained from the experiments indicated that the pre-sowing treatment with GA3 was effective in breaking seed dormancy as compared to the treatments with hot water and conc. sulfuric acid. Conclusion: Seed germination of S. virginianum L. could be achieved irrespective of the season by treating seeds with GA3.

PDF Share
  1. Vakil P. Clinical evaluation of herbo-mineral cough treatment “Kofol syrup”, Doctors News 1993;6(1):13-15.
  2. Bector NP, Puri AS. Solanum xanthocarpum (Kantakari) in chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthama and non-spesific unproductive cough. (An experimental and clinical corelation). J Assoc Physicians India 1971;19(10):741-744.
  3. Pandey HP, Chauhan SK. Antiseptic property of Solanum surretense Burm. F J Econ Taxon Bot 1999;23(1):41-42.
  4. Gupta SS, Varma SCL, Singh C, et al. Cardiac stimulating effects of Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum), Indian J Med Sci 1966;20(8):554-559.
  5. Chungath JI, Nair PB. Modified extraction method and determination of solasodine from Solanum xanthocarpum at different stages of fruit development, Indian Drugs 1989;26(6):295-297.
  6. Bhatt PN, Bhatt DP, Sussex I. Studies on Some Factors Affecting Solasodine Contains in Tissue Cultures of Solanum nigrum, Physiol Plant 1983;57:159-162, doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1983.tb00747.x.
  7. Gawande A, Wankhede S, Shankhapal KV, et al. Isolation, purification and characterization of solasodine-a steroidal alkaloid from Solanum surattense berries, Indian Drugs 1990;28(3):149-150
  8. Gupta MP, Santra DK. Isolation of solasodine from Solanum xanthocarpum, Res Indian Med 1967;1(2):239-241.
  9. Heble MR, Narayanaswami S, Chadha MS. Diosgenin and beta-sitosterol: isolation from Solanum xanthocarpum tissue culture, Science 1968;161:1145, doi: 10.1126/science.161.3846.1145.
  10. Jaggi RK, Bhatnagar JK, Qudry JS, et al. Static callus cultures of fruit of Solanum xanthocarpum, Indian J Pharm Sci 1987;49(6):210-212.
  11. Barnabas NJ, David SB. Comparative Studies of stem and leaf cultures of Solanum surattense Burm., Geobios (Jodhpur) 1986;13(6):233-235.
  12. Prasad RN, Sharma M, Chaturvedi HC. In vitro induction of shoots and formation of plantlets from segments of leaf, stem and root of Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. and Wendl. Indian J Exp Biol 1978;16(10):1121-1122.
  13. Pal M, Bhandari HCS. Clonal propagation of some medicinal plant species belonging to Solanum by nodal culture method. Indian J For 1994;17(2):180-181.
  14. Paul R, Datta KA. An Updated overview on Solanum xanthocarpum schrad and Wendl. Int J Res Ayurveda Pharm, 2011;2(3):730-735.
  15. Kumari A, Kumari R, Priyadarshni M, et al. Tissue culture study in Solanum xanthocarpum for efficient micropropagation. Indian J L Sci 2013;3(1):41-45.
  16. Singh L, Soni P, Vasishta HB, et al. Rare and threatened species of medicinal value under Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC. in District Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu (India). N Y Sci J 2010;3(10):27-36.
  17. Kilankaje A, Kuttan V, Sruti CV, et al. Micropropagation of Solanum xanthocarpum – to meet the demand of good quality raw material for herbal medicine. IOSR J Pharm 2013;3(2): 34-37, doi: 10.9790/3013-32203437.
  18. Singh NP, Karthikeyan S, Lakshminarasimhan P, et al. Flora of Maharashtra State Dicotyledones, Culcutta: Botanical Survey of India; 2000, vol. 1. pp.815-817.
  19. Rao RR, Sharma BD. A Manual For Herbarium Collections. Calcutta: Botanical Survey of India; 1990. pp.5-19.
  20. Agarwal RL. Seed Technology, Bombay: Oxford and IBH Publication Co; 1980. pp.495-496.
  21. Gupta V, Kak A, Singh BB. Studies on seed germination and seedling vigour in Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra). J Med Aromat Plants 1996;19:412-413
  22. Kim SH, Choe ZR, Kang JH, et al. Multiple seed vigour indices to predict field emergence and performance of barley. Seed Sci and Technol, 1994;22:29-68
  23. Anonymous. ISTA (International Seed Testing Association). International rules for seed testing. Rules 1995. Seed Science and Technology, 1995;13:322-326
  24. Gurav AM, Yelne MB, Sharma PC. Effect of Gibberellic acid treatment on seed germination of Ashwagandha (Withania sominifera Dunal), BMEBR 2003;XXIV(1–4): 12-19.
  25. Katsuki S, Kojima H, Furuya T. Seed germination of medicinal plants II Germination of aconite seeds. J Nat Med, 1994;48(4)233-236.
  26. Pingle AR, Dnyansagar VR. Induction of germination in Solanum. Curr Sci, 1979;48(10):449-450.
  27. Hazerika SD, Sarma CM, Effect of Gibberellic acid on germination and seedling growth in Arjuna (Terminalis arjuna Bedd.) Journal of Non-Timber Forest Products 1998;5(1–2):54-55.
  28. Saba PM, Iqbal M, Sivastava PS. Seed germination studies on an important medicinal plant Silybum marianum (L.). Hamdard Med, 1997;40(2):31-33.
PDF Share